Vatican City:

MONEY LAUNDERING

Sưu Tầm của Phán Tân

Gửi bài này cho bạn bè 12 tháng 11, 2007

Theo ket qua nghien cuu cua truong dai hoc Utrecht/ Holland, Vatican thuoc mot trong so cac nuoc rua tien nhieu nhat the gioi; trong nam 2005 Vatican city rua hon 15 ty ( 15.000 trieu ) dollas. Xem table 2.13 va 2.14.


THE AMOUNTS AND THE EFFECTS

OF MONEY LAUNDERING

Report for the Ministry of Finance

February 16, 2006

© David April

By:

prof. dr. Brigitte Unger

drs. Melissa Siegel

Joras Ferwerda, BSc

Wouter de Kruijf, BSc

drs. Madalina Busuioic

Kristen Wokke

Utrecht School of Economics

Vredenburg 138

3511 BG Utrecht

Nederland

b.unger econ.uu.nl

0031-(0)30-253-9809

dr. Greg Rawlings

Australian National University

Centre for Tax System Integrity

RegNet, RSSS,

Canberra ACT 0200

Australia

greg.rawlings anu.edu.au

With thanks to the members of the advisory board, the interviewees, the

academic staff at Utrecht School of Economics and other institutions, and the

students of Utrecht School of Economics.

With thanks to the Australian National University, RegNet for having

inspired the project proposal and to the Austrian institutions which

provided help and information. In particular, thanks to Dr. Eva Stohanzl

from the Ministry of Finance and to Dr. Helene Schuberth, from the

Austrian National Bank.

Source: http://www.minfin.nl/binaries/minfin/assets/pdf/actueel/bijlage-nieuwsberichten/2006/02/06-011a.pdf

Table 2.13: Top 20 Destinations of laundered money (Walker 1999)

Rank Destination Amount

($USbill/yr)

% of total

1 US 538 18,9

2 Cayman Islands 138 4,9

3 Russia 120 4,2

4 Italy 106 3,7

5 China 95 3,3

6 Rumania 90 3,2

7 Canada 85 3,0

8 Vatican City 80 2,8

9 Luxembourg 78 2,8

10 France 68 2,4

11 Bahamas 66 2,3

12 Germany 61 2,2

13 Switzerland 58 2,1

14 Bermuda 53 1,9

15 Netherlands 50 1,7

16 Liechtenstein 49 1,7

17 Austria 48 1,7

18 Hong Kong 45 1,6

19 UK 44 1,6

20 Spain 35 1,2

Utrecht School of Economics

THE AMOUNT OF MONEY LAUNDERING

Table 2.14: New attractiveness scores

(The higher the score, the greater attractiveness to money launderers)

2005.

Country Score

Luxembourg 55.4

Bermuda 26.4

Switzerland 25.7

Cayman Islands, Norway, Hong Kong, Austria, Liechtenstein 21-20

Belgium, Aruba, Jersey 19-18

Iceland, Canada, Ireland, Singapore, Australia, Isle of Man, Vatican

City (Holy See)

17-15

France, San Marino, Guernsey/Alderney/Sark, Germany, Netherlands 15-13

United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Gibraltar, Italy, US Virgin Islands,

Cyprus (Greek), Falkland Islands, Finland, Bahamas, Greece

13-12

Malta, New Zealand, Japan, Barbados, Guam, Sweden, United States 12-11

Greenland, Hungary, Denmark, Israel, British Virgin Islands 11-10

Taiwan, French Polynesian, Qatar, United Kingdom, Spain, Macau,

South Korea, Brunei

10-9

Puerto Rico, Slovenia, Oman, Portugal, New Caledonia, Pitcairn

Islands, Antigua, Northern Mariana Islands, Mauritius, Turks and

Caicos, Czech Republic, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Botswana, Martinique,

Uruguay

9-6

Seychelles, Malaysia, Anguilla, Slovakia, Kuwait, South Africa,

Namibia, Lithuania, Palau, Chile, American Samoa, Trinidad and

Tobago, Samoa, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Poland, Cook Islands,

Nauru

6-4

Latvia, Panama, Saint Lucia, Dominica, Croatia, Ukraine, Grenada,

Guadeloupe, Belize, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Fiji, Thailand, Russia, Libya,

Argentina, Kazakhstan, Costa Rica, Reunion, Niue, Belarus, Jordan,

Lebanon, Maldives, Turkmenistan, Brazil, Montserrat, Jamaica,

Philippines, Gabon, Egypt, Guyana, Guatemala, Saint Vincent and the

Grenadines, Vanuatu, El Salvador

4-2

Monaco, Mexico, Romania, Suriname, Macedonia, Albania, Swaziland,

Iran, Dominican Republic, Mayotte, Estonia, Syria, Lesotho, Armenia,

Andorra, Tonga, Cuba, Venezuela, Colombia, Ghana, Honduras,

Marshall Islands, Vietnam, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federated States of

Micronesia, Paraguay, Zimbabwe

2-1

Ecuador, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Morocco, Bolivia,

Solomon Islands, The Gambia, Turkey, Mauritania, Netherlands

Antilles, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nicaragua, Algeria, Kyrgyzstan, Guinea,

Bhutan, Nigeria, Azerbaijan, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Cameroon, China,

Equatorial Guinea, India, North Korea, Laos, Uzbekistan, Moldova,

Saudi Arabia, Kenya, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Togo, Benin, Burkina

Faso, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Tuvalu, Ivory Coast, Zambia,

Angola, Haiti, Cambodia, Pakistan, Kiribati, Georgia, Madagascar,

Serbia and Montenegro, Liberia, Ethiopia, Malawi, Congo, Eritrea,

Tanzania, Mali, Rwanda, Iraq, Niger, Uganda, Central African

Republic, Mozambique, Tajikistan, Sudan, Yemen, Senegal, Sierra

Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, Comoros, Guinea Bissau, Nepal,

Western Sahara, Somalia, West Bank/Gaza Strip, Afghanistan, Burundi

1-0

Utrecht School of Economics

THE AMOUNT OF MONEY LAUNDERING

http://www.minfin.nl/binaries/minfin/assets/pdf/actueel/bijlage-nieuwsberichten/2006/02/06-011a.pdf

http://www.world66.com/europe/vaticancity/people

Dan so : 932 nguoi / July-2006.

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